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Please note that this page will possibly take a few years to complete, due to the possibly hundreds of thousands of tornadoes to convert. It will only cover US tornadoes.

EF5 tornadoes

This section contains the tornadoes in which I have judged to be rated as EF5

List of tornadoes before 1900

EF# Date Location County State Fatalities Info.
EF5 April 24, 1880 West Prairie Illinois 6 Homes were leveled and farms vanished
EF5 June 12, 1881 Hopkins Kankakee Illinois 2 Two farms were completely swept away, leaving nothing behind
EF5 June 15, 1881 Renville County Renville Minnesota 20 Severe damage occurred in Renville County where five farms were completely swept away
EF5 August 21, 1883 Rochester Olmsted Minnesota 37 10 farms outside the town were leveled, and some homes were swept away. A metal railroad bridge was completely destroyed
EF5 June 15, 1892 Faribault, Freeborn and Steele counties Faribault, Freeborn and Steele counties Minnesota 12 Entire farms were obliterated, and house timbers were embedded into the ground 3 mi (4.8 km) away from the foundations
EF5 May 22, 1893 Willow Springs Lafayette Wisconsin 3 Two farm complexes were completely swept away
EF5 July 6, 1893 Pomeroy Calhoun Iowa 71 Well-built homes were swept away in four counties with F5 damage in the town of Pomeroy. Grass was scoured from the ground, and a metal bridge was torn from its supports. A well pump and 40 feet of pipe were pulled out of the ground
EF5 September 21, 1894 Kossuth County Kossuth Iowa 43 Five farms and a home were swept away, leaving little trace
EF5 May 1, 1895 Harvey County Harvey Kansas 8 Farms "entirely vanished", with debris carried for miles
EF5 May 3, 1895 Sioux County Sioux Iowa 9 Farms were swept away, with debris carried for miles
EF5 May 15, 1896 Sherman, Texas Grayson Texas 73 "Extraordinary" damage occurred to farms and 20 homes that were completely obliterated and swept away. An iron-beam bridge was torn apart and scattered, with one of the beams deeply embedded into the ground. Trees were reduced to debarked stumps, and grass was scoured from lawns in town as well. Several headstones at a cemetery were shattered or thrown up to 250 yards through the air, and a trunk lid from Sherman was found 35 miles away. Reliable reports said that numerous bodies were carried hundreds of yards, and that multiple deaths occurred in 17 different families; seven deaths were in one family alone
EF5 May 17, 1896 Nemaha, Kansas - Brown County, Nebraska Nemaha, Kansas and Brown, Nebraska Kansas and Nebraska 25 An opera house in Seneca was swept away, along with some farms. Entire farms were reportedly swept clean of debris, leaving the areas "bare as the prairie".
EF5 May 25, 1896 Ortonville Oakland Michigan 47 Houses and farms were leveled and swept away, with debris carried up to 12 mi (19 km) away. Trees were completely debarked, with even small twigs stripped bare in some cases
EF5 June 11, 1899 Salix Woodbury Iowa 5 This tornado impacted several farms, including one where a "fine new residence" was swept completely away
EF5 June 12, 1899 St Croix county St Croix Wisconsin 117 This tornado devastated New Richmond, leveling or sweeping away many homes and businesses. A large section of the town was reduced to nothing but scattered debris and house foundations. The three-story, brick Nicollet Hotel was completely leveled to the ground. Numerous trees were completely debarked and shorn of their branches. A 3,000-pound safe was carried a full block

List of tornadoes between 2000 and present

EF# Date Location County State Fatalities Info.
EF5 May 24 2007 Greensburg Kiowa Kansas 11 This tornado destroyed 95% of the town, including seven well-built homes with anchor bolts that were swept away. Vehicles were thrown hundreds of feet, and trees were completely denuded and debarked
EF5 May 25 2008 Parkersburg and New Hartford Butler Iowa 9 Well-built homes with anchor bolts were swept away, 17 of which were assessed to have sustained EF5 damage. Two of them had no visible debris left anywhere near the foundations. A concrete walk-out basement wall was pushed over at one home, and the concrete floor was cracked. A rebar support set into the foundation of another home was found snapped in half, and reinforced concrete light poles were snapped and dragged along the ground. A large industrial building was completely destroyed, with metal beams twisted and sheared off at their bases, and the foundation pushed clean of the metal framing and debris. Vehicles were thrown long distances and stripped down to their frames as well. Additionally, a large field east of Parkersburg was filled with finely granulated debris that was wind-rowed in long streaks, trees were completely debarked, and shrubs were uprooted and stripped in some areas
EF5 April 11, 2011 Smithville Munroe Mississippi 23 Numerous well-built, anchor-bolted brick homes were swept away, including one that had part of its concrete slab foundation pulled up and dislodged slightly. An SUV was thrown half a mile into the top of the town's water tower. In the most intense damage area, all plumbing and appliances at home-sites were "shredded or missing". Chip and tar pavement was torn from road, and a pickup truck that was thrown from one home was never recovered. A large brick funeral home was reduced to a bare slab, and extensive wind-rowing of debris occurred next to the foundation. Outside town, the ground was deeply scoured in an open field. Additionally, numerous trees and low shrubbery were debarked and shredded
EF5 April 11, 2011 Hackleburg and Phil Campbell Marion Alabama 72 This was the deadliest tornado in Alabama state history. Numerous homes, some of which were large, well-built, and anchor-bolted were swept away. Debris from some obliterated homes was scattered and wind-rowed well away from the foundations. One home that was swept away had its concrete stem walls sheared off at ground level. Vehicles were thrown at least 200 yard, and at least one large vehicle that was missing after the tornado was never located. Hundreds of trees were completely debarked and twisted, and in some cases were reduced only to stubs. Pavement was scoured from roads as well, a large industrial plant was leveled to the ground, and a restaurant that was swept away had a small portion of its foundation slab torn apart
EF5 April 11, 2011 Philadelphia and Preston, Mississippi Neshoba and Kemper Mississippi 3 Was rated EF5 based upon extreme ground scouring. The tornado dug a trench 2 ft (0.61 m) deep into a pasture, leaving nothing but large clumps of dirt and bare topsoil behind.[189] A tied-down mobile home was lofted through the air and carried 300 yd (274 m), with no indication of contact with the ground. Several vehicles were tossed hundreds of yards and wrapped around trees.[189] Pavement was scoured from roads as well, and extreme debarking and denuding of trees occurred, some of which were ripped out of the ground and thrown up to 20 yards away
EF5 April 11, 2011 Tuscaloosa and Birmingham, Alabama Tuscaloosa and Jefferson Alabama 64 Disagreement as to final ranking; officially rated high-end EF4, but one survey team awarded EF5 damage. Large section of an apartment building was swept completely away, along with a clubhouse on the property. A manhole cover was removed from a drain and thrown into a ravine. A 34-tonne railroad trestle support structure was thrown 100 ft up a hill, and a 35.8-tonne coal car was thrown 391 ft through the air
EF5 April 11, 2011 Rainsville and Sylvania DeKalb Alabama 25 Many homes were swept away, some of which had their concrete porches torn away and shattered, with debris strewn up to a mile away from the foundations in some cases. A few of the homes were bolted to their foundations. An 800-pound safe was ripped from its anchors and thrown 600 ft, and its door was ripped from its frame. Ground scouring occurred, and sidewalk pavement was pulled up. A pickup truck was tossed 250 yard and torn apart. An underground storm shelter had much of its dirt covering scoured away and was heaved slightly out of the ground, and pavement was scoured from roads. One well-built stone house was completely obliterated, and a stone pillar was ripped completely out of the ground at that residence, pulling up a section of house foundation in the process
EF5 May 22, 2011 Joplin Jasper Missouri 158 Many homes, business, and industrial buildings were swept away, and large vehicles including semi-trucks and buses were thrown hundreds of yards. A large multi-story hospital had its foundation and underpinning system so severely damaged that it was structurally compromised and had to be torn down. Reinforced concrete porches were deformed, lifted, and tossed, and 300-pound concrete parking stops anchored with rebar were ripped from parking lots and tossed well over 100 ft. Vehicles were thrown several blocks away from the residences where they originated, and a few were never recovered. Damage to driveways was noted at some residences as well. A large steel-reinforced concrete "step and floor structure" leading to one building was warped slightly and cracked. Ground and pavement scouring occurred, and heavy manhole covers were removed from roads as well. On June 10, 2013, an engineering study found no evidence of EF5 structural damage in Joplin due to the poor quality of construction of many buildings. However, the EF5 rating stood as the National Weather Service in Springfield, Missouri, stated that survey teams found only a very small area of EF5 structural damage (at and around the hospital) and that it could have easily been missed in the survey, and the EF5 rating was mainly based on large vehicles being thrown long distances, along with non-conventional, non-structural instances of damage, such as removal of manhole covers, pavement, concrete porches, driveways, and parking stops, and the presence of wind-rowed debris.
EF5 May 24, 2011 El Reno–Piedmont, Oklahoma Canadian and Kingfisher Oklahoma 9 Mobile radar recorded winds over 200 mph. Many homes were swept away, trees were completely debarked, and extensive ground scouring occurred. At the Cactus 117 oil rig, a 1,900,000-pound oil derrick was blown over and rolled three times. Cars were thrown long distances and wrapped around trees, including an SUV that was thrown 780 yards and had its body ripped from the frame. Several cars near the beginning of the path were thrown more than 1,093 yards. Additionally, a 20,000-pound oil tanker truck was thrown approximately 1 mi.
EF5 May 24, 2011 Washington and Goldsby McClain Oklahoma 0 Officially a high-end EF4, but rating is disputed. Large and well-built homes with anchor bolts were swept completely away, extensive ground scouring occurred, and vehicles were thrown long distances and mangled almost beyond recognition
EF5 May 20, 2013 Moore Cleveland Oklahoma 24 Many homes were swept away, including nine that were well-built and bolted to their foundations. An elementary school was almost completely leveled, extensive ground scouring occurred, and two 10-ton propane tanks were thrown more than half a mile through the air. Trees and shrubs were debarked, wind-rowing of debris was noted, and an oil tank was thrown a full mile from a production site, while another was never found. A manhole cover was removed near Moore Medical Center, and vehicles were thrown hundreds of yards and torn into multiple pieces.
EF5 May 24, 2011 Washington and Goldsby McClain Oklahoma 0 Officially a high-end EF4, but rating is disputed. Large and well-built homes with anchor bolts were swept completely away, extensive ground scouring occurred, and vehicles were thrown long distances and mangled almost beyond recognition
EF5 May 20, 2013 Moore Cleveland Oklahoma 24 Many homes were swept away, including nine that were well-built and bolted to their foundations. An elementary school was almost completely leveled, extensive ground scouring occurred, and two 10-ton propane tanks were thrown more than half a mile through the air. Trees and shrubs were debarked, wind-rowing of debris was noted, and an oil tank was thrown a full mile from a production site, while another was never found. A manhole cover was removed near Moore Medical Center, and vehicles were thrown hundreds of yards and torn into multiple pieces.
EF5 May 20, 2013 Vilonia Faulkner Arkansas 16 Officially rated high-end EF4, though the rating was a major source of controversy, and meteorologist/civil engineer Tim Marshall noted that the rating assigned was "lower-bound", and also noted "the possibility that EF5 winds could have occurred" despite the structural flaws responsible for the EF4 rating. Numerous homes were swept completely away with only bare slabs left, including one that was well-bolted to its foundation, and extensive wind-rowing of debris occurred. Trees were completely debarked and denuded, shrubs were stripped and debarked, and vehicles were thrown hundreds of yards and mangled. A large 29,998-pound metal fertilizer tank was found approximately 3/4 of a mile away from where it originated. Extensive ground scouring occurred as well

EF4 tornadoes

This section contains the tornadoes in which I have judged to be rated as EF4

List of tornadoes before 1900

EF# Date Location County State Fatalities Info.
EF4 June 17, 1882 Grinnell Poweshiek Iowa 65 16 farms were blown away and the town of Grinnell was devastated. Debris was carried 100 miles
EF4 May 18, 1898 Marathon county Marathon Wisconsin 12 12 farms were completely flattened

List of tornadoes between 1900 and 1949

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