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Tornadoes of 2016

Timespan

January 6-December 28, 2016

Maximum rated tornado

EF5 tornado
Columbiana, Alabama
on April 18

Highest winds

295 mph (495 kph) (Columbiana, Alabama EF5)

Tornadoes in the United States

1,307

Fatalities (U.S.)

453

Fatalities (Worldwide)

604

Damage (U.S.)

$24 billion (Record costliest)

This page documents the tornadoes and tornado outbreaks of 2016. The majority of tornadoes form in the U.S., but they can occur almost anywhere under the right conditions. A lesser number occur outside the U.S., most notably in parts of neighboring southern Canada during the Northern Hemisphere's summer season, but are also known in Europe, Asia, and Australia, e.g.

Synopsis

The year started with above-normal activity in January and February, primarily as a result of moderate outbreaks. After that, arctic air temporary settled in across the central and southern United States, suppressing warm air to the Caribbean, and as a result, Early-March saw only 9 isolated tornadoes as the air mass throughout the month was highly unfavorable for any severe weather development, but a major tornado outbreak on March 27, ended the lackluster period. Predictions for an active tornado season with El Nino also cited as possibly bringing an above average season.

Five very large tornado outbreaks in April ended the near slow period, pushing April activity to above normal. May was above normal, as several larger outbreaks were spread throughout the month. June was a very active month with at least one isolated tornado activity on most days and two major tornado outbreaks plus several smaller outbreaks resulting in well over 500 tornado reports. The active pattern continued into July, with activity again above normal due to steady activity throughout the month despite no major outbreaks. The active pattern came to a stop by August, with below-normal activity. September was also slightly below to near average, with only modest tropical activity contributing. The fall months were moderately active. November and December were both above average with most of the activity clustered in two outbreaks, one at the end of each month, with both months generally inactive until those tornado outbreaks. 

Events

US total tornadoes for 2016

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
1307 785 387 98 24 9 4



 

January

January 6–8

On January 6, a strong upper-level low moved over Southeast Texas, while an accompanying surface low formed over North Texas. A cold front extended southward from this surface low into the Gulf of Mexico. Ahead of this front, a strong low level jet formed, bringing a surge of warm, moist air from the Gulf northward. The combination of these factors resulted in an unstable environment favoring the development of rotating supercell thunderstorms.

A tornado near Elizabeth, Mississippi resulted in nine fatalities and eleven injuries when 43 houses were destroyed. It was rated EF3.In total, at least 22 tornadoes were confirmed across the South.

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
22 17 3 0 2 0 0



January 10-12

On January 10, a upper-level low, produced several tornadoes were reported in Texas]] and Louisiana with a strong storm system that dumped heavy rain across Texas. One of these tornadoes, rated EF1, struck Austin, Texas and caused significant damage to homes and businesses. Losses throughout the city amounted to $1.5 million. A day later on January 11, four more tornadoes were confirmed and on January 12, one tornado was confirmed. Throughout the entire outbreak, 21 tornadoes were confirmed, however, all were weak.

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
21 16 5 0 0 0 0



January 29

On January 29, several tornadoes were reported in Louisiana. One of these tornadoes, rated EF2, struck Houma, Louisiana 11 tornadoes were confirmed.

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
11 5 5 1 0 0 0



February

February 6-8

Numerous tornadoes touched down across Texas and Louisiana starting late on 6th into the 7th, associated with the warm sector of a much larger winter storm which produced heavy snow and blizzard conditions farther north. Significant damage was reported in the areas of Louisiana.

A moderate risk of severe weather was issued for the afternoon of February 6 across the northern Gulf Coast. Severe activity was limited to the immediate coastal area with supercells embedded within the larger squall line, where a single EF3 tornado was reported.

February 12-14

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
33 25 5 3 0 0 0


[1]

February 21-22

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
88 54 24 5 1 4 0


February 25-26

March

March 5-7

March 12-14

An unusually powerful storm system developed across central Texas on the morning of March 12, 2016. However, the air was quite humid with dewpoint temperatures. A cold front extended northeast-southwest from the a surface low pressure system centered near Victoria, TX. That morning, the National Weather Service had issued advisories stating that severe weather conditions were possible later that day.

By mid-morning, the cold front had surged into southeast Texas and a line of thunderstorms (squall line) had developed along the front.

This exceptionally long lasting and geographically large outbreak produced over $300 million in damage, along with 8 deaths and 341 injuries in Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.

March 27-29

The Storm Prediction Center of the National Weather Service in Norman, Oklahoma had issued a "high risk" for severe weather over an area from northern Mississippi to central Indiana.[3] Such a declaration is unusual (particularly for November) and means that there is a significant threat for severe thunderstorms with widespread tornadic activity. When the first tornado watches of the afternoon were issued, the SPC had declared a Particularly Dangerous Situation (PDS) for destructive tornadoes in several of the tornado watches, a highly unusual alert which notifies that frequent and dangerous tornadoes are possible, and by late that evening, no less than 93 tornadoes (including ten strong tornadoes and one violent tornado) were confirmed, and several more unconfirmed tornadoes were reported. Fortunately, the tornadoes were centered over more rural areas and damage was scattered but severe over many communities. There were numerous injuries, but remarkably, only one person was killed. The low casualty toll was likely due to the fact the outbreak was well-predicted and primarily occurred in the afternoon when people are most aware of the situation.

This was the third major tornado outbreak of November 2005, the other two being in Evansville, Indiana on November 6 (killing 25 people) and in much of Iowa on November 12 (killing one person). There was another major outbreak in the same general area on November 27 and 28, killing two people. [2]

April

April 6-9

April 11-14

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
115 96 10 4 3 2 0



April 17-19

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
308 246 43 23 13 7 4



[3]


April 27-29

May

May 5-7

May 14

53185map 53185sat

Main article: 2016 United States–Canada tornado outbreak

The 2016 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak would be a major tornado outbreak that occurred in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, on May 14, 2016. 56 were counted including 4 in Ontario. It is the largest and most intense tornado outbreak ever to hit this region. Ninety people were killed and nine tornadoes were EF4 or stronger, including the EF5 Niles tornado.

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
56 30 15 7 0 8 1



May 26-31

See also

  1. https://mesonet.agron.iastate.edu/current/mcview.phtml?prod=usrad&java=script&mode=archive&frames=12&interval=60&year=1998&month=02&day=02&hour=13&minute=35
  2. https://mesonet.agron.iastate.edu/current/mcview.phtml?prod=usrad&java=script&mode=archive&frames=12&interval=60&year=2005&month=11&day=15&hour=14&minute=35
  3. https://mesonet.agron.iastate.edu/current/mcview.phtml?prod=usrad&java=script&mode=archive&frames=12&interval=60&year=1998&month=4&day=8&hour=21&minute=35

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