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Tornado outbreak of April 23 - 25, 2018
Date of tornado outbreak: April 23 - 25, 2018
Duration1: About 3 days
Maximum rated tornado2: EF4 tornado
Highest winds 190 mph
Tornadoes caused: 66 (9 in canada)
Total Damages: $320 million
Total Fatalities: 17
Areas Affected: US Gulf Coast

1Time from first tornado to last tornado
2Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita scale

The April 23 - 25, 2018 tornado outbreak was a deadly,and destructive, tornado event that took place during late April 2018 across parts of the US Gulf Coast, leading to 17 deaths and $320 million in damages in the process. By far the most notable of the outbreak, the Ripley, Mississippi tornado caused the deaths of 11 people, and $290 million in damages, accounting for most of the impacts from the outbreak as a result.


Synopsis

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
59/7 27/5 18/2 9 4 1 0


On April 23, a series of supercells began developing across a dryline, causing a severe weather outbreak, which was poorly forecast. Following reports of tornadoes, the NWS SPC issued a High Risk outlook for April 23 - 25, calling for a widespread tornado outbreak across the Gulf Coast to the Mid - Atlantic states.

On April 23, a violent EF4 wedge tornado hit Ripley, Mississippi, where a tornado emergency was declared for that storm. In addition to the EF4, 2 EF3s hit in Holly Springs, Mississippi and Bear Creek, Alabama, all causing extensive damages.

The next day, another 2 EF3's hit in Elkmont, Alabama and in Moore, Tennessee, again causing extensive damage and loss of life.

A few more tornadoes touched down on April 25, but most were weak, apart from a destructive EF2 that hit Lebanon, Tennessee, causing 2 deaths in the process. In total, 17 people lost their lives, and damages totalled to $320 million.

Notable tornadoes

Holly Springs, Mississippi

EF3 tornado (NWS)
Ridiculous-ef4-tornado.jpg
Duration 1120 – 1140
Intensity 230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min)

This destructive EF3 tornado occurred during the very late morning of April 23, and led to $12 million being done in damages. Even as the twister destroyed a mobile home park, no fatalities were reported, besides 7 potentially fatal injuries, which were all remarkably survived by the victims. Hundreds of trees were debarked or snapped, and several cars were mangled beyond recognition by the event.


Bear Creek, Alabama

EF3 tornado (NWS)
McMullen AL tornado.jpg
Duration 1755 – 1812
Intensity 250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)

This huge wedge tornado tore through Bear Creek, Alabama shortly before another, weaker tornado also passed through the area. This high end EF3 caused the injuries of 19 people, and $9 million in damages as it passed through the town, destroying poorly built homes, and damaging even well constructed ones. An area of possible EF4 damage was observed at one of these homes, where the structure had entirely collapsed, though it was later determined that it wasnt anchored properly to its foundation, and that the building was already waiting for significant repairs when the tornado hit anyway. As this likely contributed to the collapse of the building, an EF3 rating was rewarded instead, though it remains disputed.


Ripley, Mississippi

Main article: 2018 Ripley tornado
EF4 tornado (NWS)
Oh.jpg
Duration 1335 – 1410
Intensity 305 km/h (190 mph) (1-min)

This large, violent, deadly and destructive tornado was by far the most significant of the outbreak, having caused 11 deaths and $260 million in damages whilst on the ground. A tornado emergency was also declared for this area, noting the possibility for extreme damage from the event, which left most of Ripley destroyed.


Elkmont, Alamama

EF3 tornado (NWS)
Philadelphia tornado.png
Duration 1135 – 1200
Intensity 250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)

This tornado was responsible for the total destruction of several poorly built homes in Elkmont, Alabama, and also caused a tornado emergency in the area as well. 2 people died in the tornado, with $10 million being done in damages by the event.


Moore County, Tennessee

EF3 tornado (NWS)
January 22, 2017 Albany, Georgia tornado.png
Duration 1835 – 1900
Intensity 270 km/h (165 mph) (1-min)

This tornado led to a death and $20 million in damages during the evening of April 24 as it tore through most of Moore County, destroying mobile homes and severely damaging or destroying well built homes in the process. A house was also levelled and partially swept away, potentially giving the tornado an EF4 ranking. However, due to the lack of anchor bolts and reinforcements, it was rated top end EF3 as a result.


Lebanon, Tennessee

EF2 tornado (NWS)
EF2 tornado 1.png
Duration 0955 – 1000
Intensity 205 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)

This high end EF2 tornado occurred on the morning of April 25, and caused 2 deaths when a car was tossed off the road and was destroyed during the event. In addition tot he deaths,$4 million was done in damages as well, mostly due to trees falling on houses and vehicles during the event.

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